Superficial Thrombophlebitis refers to a blood clot and inflammation which has formed in a superficial vein near the surface of the skin.
The condition may follow an injury to a vein or the recent use of an intravenous (IV) line or catheter. It also may occur for no apparent reason for those at risk, such as individuals with varicose veins.
Causes & Risk Factors
- Varicose Veins
- Use of birth control pills
- Sitting or staying still for a prolonged period
- Disorders that involve increased blood clotting
Symptoms may include localized pain, swelling and redness in the area of the vein that’s just below the skin. The pain is worse when pressure is applied.
- Skin redness or inflammation along the superficial vein
- Warmth of tissue
- Tenderness or pain along the superficial vein
Your health care provider will diagnose superficial thrombophlebitis based on your symptoms and the appearance of your extremity. Duplex ultrasound is a non-invasive diagnostic test that can confirm the condition.
Superficial Thrombophlebitis is usually not of great medical concern (although it can be rather painful) and responds well to treatment. Treatment can include NSAIDs to reduce inflammation, and support stockings.